AIRCRAFT TECHNICAL GENERAL MODULE
What does a pilot need to know about the airplane? In a nutshell, a pilot should have a good idea what makes his airplane get up in the air and keep flying – basically, the airplane systems and aerodynamics. These two basic knowledge areas split into a number of specialist sections. See the end of this page for a list of links that will go into specific details for each of these sections. An aircraft consists of a number of systems, namely the aircraft structural system including control surfaces and undercarriage, avionics and instruments, the aircraft powerplant including the engine, propeller, ignition and the fuel system, and the aircraft electrical systems and vacuum systems. The flight principles area covers the fundamentals of areodynamics, i.e. basic physics of objects moving through air, airplane aerodynamic, i.e. the way airplanes in particular move through air, as well as a number of effects that are encountered when flying, such as ground effect, aerodynamics of a turn etc.
What does a private pilot need to know about aviation weather? Aviation weather is an important knowledge area for any pilot. The general principles of weather formation as well as the effects that certain weather features have on flight, in particular weather hazards to aviation - such as thunderstorms, ice or differing degrees of visibility, are part of this area. In addition, skills in reading weather charts or satelite images, as well as an introduction to the most important aviation weather forecast services form part of the pilot training. This area splits into a number of specialist sections. See the end of the page for a list of these. The knowledge areas covered on this page correspond with the area that is subject of the FAA Aeronautical Weather Question bank. If you want to check the knowledge you already possess in this area click on the link a few lines further down. Clicking on the link will open a new window, so that you can return to this page for further study. Hopefully you will be able tp improve your score after studying these pages. Please note, that the question answer page opening when you click on the link is timed and you might find it easier to try to do this first test in one go, come back to improve your knowledge and then try the test again. There are also a number of smaller tests at the end of each section that you can take and that will help you to retain the knowledge.
FLIGHT PLANNING MODULE
For flights not in the vicinity of an airport, this must include information on available current weather reports and forecasts, fuel requirements, alternatives available if the planned flight cannot be completed, and any known traffic delays of which the pilot in command has been advised by air traffic control (ATC).
HUMAN PERFOMANCE & LIMITATIONS
As a pilot, it is important to stay aware of the mental and physical standards required for the type of flying done. This page provides information on medical certification and on aeromedical factors related to flying activities.
"Radiotelephony" means transmission of sound (audio) by radio, in contrast to radiotelegraphy (transmission of telegraph signals) or video transmission.
Pilot Operating Handbook
Flight Planning Introduction
Introduction to Flight Planning
Flight Planning is essentially planning, mapping out and understanding all of the criteria, materials and routes of a flight that you are undertaking. Flying is not as simple as driving a car, you need to be fully prepared and know the route that you are taking. It is vital that all flights are deemed to have a well-structured and organised flight plan, which will not only maximise the safety of those on board but also reduce costs where necessary. The aim of flight planning is to create a recipe for the safest flight on a specific day and for a particular aircraft. As circumstances are never the same for any flight, the calculations must always be tailored to the flight in question. Another aspect of any particular journey’s flight plan is that of airspace. Close attention is paid to the necessary altitude at which the aircraft must fly in order to stay safe in flight so that collision with other crafts be sharing airspace is avoided.
Flight Planning Today
The development of computer technology has been extremely significant with regards to flight planning. When the first commercial flights were being planned, there was nowhere near the accuracy that there is today; all calculations were done by hand which was an extremely time consuming process not to mention that it was difficult and also open to error. Today we benefit from the early work of flight planners combined with the wonderful steps that have been made in technology. Planning for commercial and private flights is now so precise and accurate that expected fuel consumption can be worked out to an exact amount for any particular journey.
Flight Planning and Fuel Consumption
One of the most important factors when planning a flight is fuel consumption; every pilot should study their flight planning with caution as an aircraft’s fuel consumption is extremely high and working out how much fuel will be required is a big part of any plan. The necessary points which are considered during the calculation of fuel are many and one of the main issues is the weather. Unpredictable weather patterns can potentially play havoc with an aircraft, a sudden storm or high winds can cause the craft to be forced into a higher or lower altitude and the extra effort can use up more fuel than anticipated. Equally wind direction plays a part in fuel usage; wind which pushes a craft from behind or front can help or hinder a pilot in making the journey with minimum necessary fuel consumption.